Opera

The Love for Three Oranges

The Love for Three Oranges, an opera by the famous Russian composer Sergey Sergeyevich Prokofiev premiered on Friday, February 17, 2017 with maestro Nikša Bareza as conductor and Krešimir Dolenčić as the stage director.

The set and costume designer is Simon Bejer and Larisa Navojec and Mario Vrbanec are responsible for choreography and stage movement. Assistant conductors are Ivan Josip Skender and Vjekoslav Babić, assistant stage director is Martina Zdilar Sertić, assistant set designers are Marta Crnobrnja and Ante Serdar and assistant costume designer is Mia Nejc Prajninger. The choirmaster is Luka Vukšić and Marija Tonković translated the libretto from the Russian language.

The large-scale opera ensemble includes the following singers: Luciano Batinić / Berislav Puškarić (King of Clubs), Michael Hendrick / Nikša Radovanović (Prince), Sofia Ameli Gojić (Princess Clarice), Davor Radić (Leandro), Ladislav Vrgoč (Truffaldino), Ljubomir Puškarić (Pantalone),  Ozren Bilušić (Tchelio),  Ivanka Boljkovac (Fata Morgana), Tanja Ruždjak (Princess Ninette), Sonja Runje (Princess Linette), Iva Krušić (Princess Nicolette), Cecilija Car / Helena Lucić Šego (Smeraldina), Vitomir Marof (Farfarello), Siniša Štork (Cook), Božimir Lovrić (Master of ceremonies), Ivica Trubić (Herald). The premiere is scheduled for February 17, 2017.

The great Russian composer Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev wrote the satirical opera The Love for Three Oranges when he was only 28. It was commissioned by the Chicago Opera Association and received its premiere performance on 30 December 1921 at the Auditorium Theatre in Chicago. The libretto, based on a comedy by C. Gozzi and a fairy tale by G. Basile, was written by Prokofiev himself who used Meyerhold’s adaptation of the original. The famous Russian director Vsevolod Meyerhold added a new dimension to the fairy tale about oranges, the one in line with his vision of theatre based on the multivalent meanings of the commedia dell’arte and street theatre. This version and the numerous possibilities it opened for its scenic realisation prompted Prokofiev in the 1920s to write an opera the likes of which the world had not seen before. The events of the opera – and their associated stage sets – inspired Prokofiev to create striking music free from any sentimentalism. The opening prologue features an argument about which form the opera will take. Everyone wants something different until those who are in love with play chase away those who cannot agree and the show, whatever its form, can begin. A crank announces that we are about to see The Love for Three Oranges, a piece about the King of Clubs who is unhappy that the Prince is ill with melancholy, which can only be cured by laughter. The evil witch Fata Morgana has cast a spell on the Prince causing all attempts to cure him to fail. After numerous intricacies, funny and sad events, unhappy and happy romantic plots, the Prince is freed from the curse and can marry his loved one.

This opera is one of the cornerstones that determined the course of contemporary music and the modern notion of opera. The Love for Three Oranges was composed in the early and most radical phase of Prokofiev’s career and, together with his other works, it changed and popularised contemporary music. The honesty, simplicity, humour of his music, with its peculiar style, acquired many fans all over the world. The inclusion of this work in the repertoire of the Zagreb Opera after 46 years brings the freshness of a different approach to the performing arts, that of Total Theatre.

Nikša Bareza graduated from the conducting programme at the Academy of Music in Zagreb, after which he continued his training with M. Sachs, H. Scherchen and H. von Karajan. For years he collaborated with conductors such as L. Matačić, F. Leitner, O. Suitner, N. Harnoncourt and with composers like B. Britten, C. Orff, O. Messiaen, L. Dallapiccola, G. Petrassi, D. Shostakovich and L. Nono. He worked all over the world, collaborating with the greatest orchestras and conducting several distinguished European orchestras, since 2014 he has been the Opera director at the Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb. He has received many domestic and foreign awards.

Krešimir Dolenčić, theatre director, began his career as a student at the Academy of Dramatic Arts and directed around 70 operas and plays in Croatia and around the world, from the US to China. He was the director of the City Drama Theatre Gavella for 10 years and the general director of Dubrovnik Summer Games. He teaches acting at the Academy of Dramatic Arts in Zagreb. He has won many Croatian and international awards.

Photos by Tena Pavletic

Synopsis

Before the official opening night of Prokofiev’s opera Love for Three Oranges, the CNT in Zagreb held an insight into the opera on Sunday, February 5, 2017 at 11 a.m. The programme included a conversation with the conductor and director of the Opera of the CNT in Zagreb Nikša Bareza, the stage director Krešimir Dolenčić, set and costume designer Simon Bejer and the general manager of the CNT in Zagreb Dubravka Vrgoč. The moderator was Branimir Pofuk. The visitors saw video excerpts from stage and music rehearsals and opera soloists Michael Hendrick and Ladislav Vrgoč accompanied by a répétiteur sang arias from the opera. The entrance was free.