Life chronology of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

1756. January 27, born in Salzburg as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus (the seventh child and the second baby that survived of mother Anna Marie Pertl and father Leopold Mozart). From 1770, Mozart called himself Wolfgango Amadeo and around 1777 as Wolfgang Amadé.

1760. Began taking lessons in reading, writing, maths and music.

1761. Wrote his first works.

1762. From January 12 to December 31, father Leopold travelled with Wolfgang and Nannerl to Munich (to Maximilian III, Joseph, Elector of Bavaria) and to Vienna (to Franz Joseph I of Austria and Maria Theresa).

1763. January 5, returned to Salzburg and this marked the beginning of the first great concert journey (Munich, Augsburg, Ulm, Stuttgart, Brussels, Paris, London, etc.).

1764. Stayed in Paris, then London (met with Johann Christian Bach): Wolfgang and Leopold are ill.

1765. In July they returned via the Netherlands from Paris, Lyon, Switzerland and Munich. Wolfgang and Nannerl were seriously ill.

1767. Salzburg – composed the first part of the oratorio Die Schuldigkeit des Ersten Gebots K 35, Apollo und Hyacinth K 38; on September 11, he left for Vienna with his parents and Nannerl.

1768. January 10 – again in Vienna: by the end of the month he began composing La finta semplice an opera buffa commissioned by King Joseph II. There were intrigues to stop the opening night of the opera. Mozart composed a music play Bastien und Bastienne K 50/46b.

1769. From January 5, he was back in Salzburg for the world opening night of La finta semplice. Wolfgang was pronounced the concert master. Leopold and Wolfgang on December 13 travel to Italy (Verona, Mantua, Bologna, Florence, Rome and Naples).

1770. January 23, he arrived in Milan where he was engaged at the Teatro Regio Ducal for the Carnival season 1770/1771. He left Milan on March 15 (he composed in Lodi his First String Quartet K 80/73f). He left for Rome on April 11 where he wrote down Miserere of Gregorio Allegri by recollection. Naples – May 14, then Rome again where on June 26, he received the Order of the Golden Spur from Pope Clement XIV. In Bologna on July 27, he got the libretto for opera Mitridate; he was appointed to the Accademia filarmonica in Bologna. He spent the month of December in Milan where the rehearsals for Mitridate were under way and the world opening night was on December 26.

1771. Milano, Verona, Venice. On March 4 opera Lucio Silla was commissioned for the Carnival season 1772/1773 in Milan. He travelled to Padova, Verona, Innsbruck and Salzburg.

Queen Maria Theresa commissioned Ascanio in Alba. August 13: he returned to Milan, Italy through Verona and Brescia. On October 17, Ascanio in Alba K 111 had its world premiere. He met Johann Adolf Hasse. On December 15, he returned to Salzburg.

1772. Drama serenade Il sogno di Scipione K 126 was performed on March 14 in the honour of Count Hieronymus of Colloredo and the Prince-Archbishop in Salzburg. He arrived in Milan on November 4 to work on opera Lucio Silla K 135, whose world premiere took place on December 26 at the Teatro Regio Ducal. During the Carnival season 1772/1773; it was performed 16 times.

1773. Returned to Salzburg. He left for Vienna on July 14 and returned to Salzburg in September (Symphony No. 25 G-minor KV 183/173dB, Piano Concerto No. 5 K 175).

1774. September: commenced work on opera buffa La finta giardiniera: left for Munich on December 6.

1775. World premiere of opera La finta giardiniera K 196; on January 13, he returned to Salzburg. On April 23, his Il re pastore K 208 was performed.

1776. Salzburg; among other works he composed the Haffner-Serenade K 250/248, poor relations with the Archbishop of Colloredo.

1777. Mozart asked for discharge from the service of the Archbishop and on September 23 with his mother he left for Munich. He desperately tried to get hired at the court in Munich. On October 11, he travelled via Munich and Augsburg to Mannheim hoping in vain for a job with the Prince Elector Karl Theodor. Among other things he met with Christoph Martin Wieland.

1778. Acquaintance with family Weber; dream-like affection toward their sixteen-year old daughter Aloisa who was a talented singer. On March 14, he left with his mother for Paris. Anna Maria Mozart died on July 3. Despite excellent contacts and successful appearances, Mozart was unsuccessful to settle in Paris. Leopold assisted in Mozart’s appointment as the concert master in Salzburg. He left Paris on September 26, via Nancy, Strasbourg to Mannheim. In the meantime the court with the larger part of the chapel moved to Munich; Mozart travelled to Salzburg via Munich.

1779. Salzburg: Mozart was engaged as the court organist.

1780. He met Emanuel Schikaneder, the librettist of The Magic Flute. He was commissioned to compose Idomeneo for the Munich opera; on November 6 he arrived in Munich. He composed and completed opera Idomeneo.

1781. World premiere of Idomeneo K 366 on January 29. On the order of the Archbishop, Mozart had to travel to Vienna and then he broke off with the Archbishop of Colloredo. In the summer he commenced The Abduction from the Seraglio. Mozart had no permanent engagement; he gave lessons and hoped for a position at the court.

1782. In Vienna on July 16, the world premiere of The Abduction from the Seraglio K 384 took place and it had great success even beyond Vienna. On August 4, he married Constanza Weber in Vienna where he resided until his death. This is the period when his mature orchestral and opera works were composed. He made short trips throughout Europe.

1783. At the beginning of the year he met with librettist Lorenzo da Ponte (The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, Così fan tutte).

1784. Mozart staged Verzeichnüss aller meiner Werke (the first performance of his Piano Concerto No. 14, K 449). On September 21 his second child was born (the first child who survived) Carl Thomas who died in 858. Mozart became a member of the Masonic Lodge the New Crowned Hope.

1785. In fall he began to compose The Marriage of Figaro.

1786. World premiere of The Marriage of Figaro K 492 on May 1.

1787. At the beginning of February he signed a contract with a theatre patron Pasquale Biondini for opera Don Giovanni. The world premiere took place on October 29, in Prague. In April, the sixteen-year old Beethoven took lessons from Mozart, but stopped because of his mother’s illness. On December 7, King Joseph II appointed Mozart the royal composer instead of Ch. W. Gluck, but on a much lower salary.

1788. On May 7, the premiere of Don Giovanni K 527 was held at the Viennese National Royal Theatre (15 performances). In the summer, he composed his last three symphonies (E-flat Major K 543, g-minor K 550 and C-Major K 551 known as the Jupiter). The financial difficulties of the Mozart family were increasing.

1789. Permanent financial problems and failed attempts to solve them by giving concerts. A commission by the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm II for six string quartets (only three were composed K 575, K 589, K 590).

1790. On January 26, the premiere of Così fan tutte KV 588 was held at the Burgtheater (9 performances). Plans for concerts failed, but he had a great artistic success and good income in Frankfurt where he performed piano concerts K 459 and K 537Coronation Concerts.

1791. In May he began to compose The Magic Flute; in June a commission from Prague arrived for opera La clemenza di Tito on the occasion of the coronation of the Czech King Leopold II. On July 26, his son Franz Xaver Wolfgang was born (the sixth, but second surviving child – died in 1844.). In July, an anonymous commission for Requiem arrived, count Walsegg-Stuppach. On September 2, there was a performance of Don Giovanni at a Festival in Prague in the presence of

King Leopold II. On September 30, the world premiere of The Magic Flute K 620 took place at the Freihaus Theater. Mozart fell ill on November 20 and died on December 5. On December 6, he was buried in an unmarked mass grave at the St. Marxer cemetary.